英语表达一般有俚语(slang)、行话(jargon)、习语(idiom)、以及谚语格言(proverb),你能分清吗?

一、Slang(俚语)

解释

所谓俚语,指的是民间非正式、同时较口语化的语句。就是方言嘛, 某个地域的人才熟悉。

示例

emo – very emotional(非常情绪化)

Don’t be so emo. Your boyfriend will be back next week.

frenemy – someone you think is your friend, but your know is really your enemy(某些看上去是朋友,但你知道其实是“敌人”的人)

Has your frenemy got you worried?!

groovy – very nice in a mellow(醇香的,柔和丰富的,老练的) sort of way .60年代的一句俚语

Groovy man.

学习建议:不建议特别学习俚语。

二、JARGON(行话)

解释

Jargon(行业术语,黑话)就是某个行业或职业的特殊表达,这个行业的人都知道,不分地域。

示例

cookies – used by programmers to track information on a user’s computer that has accessed the internet

We set a cookie when you first access our site.

IT程序员都知道

Birdie(低于标准杆的一击) – used by golfers to state that the golf ball was put into the hole with one less golf stroke than expected on a hole

Tim got two birdies on the back nine at the golf course.

chest voice – used by singers to indicate a style of singing that has chest resonance(共振,共鸣)

Don’t push so hard with your chest voice. You’ll hurt your voice!

学习建议:参考《商务英语口语、行业英语学习的误区和建议》乐知行业英语课程

三、IDIOM成语,习语)

解释

Idioms可以说是我们的成语,一般从字面根本看不出它原来想表达的真正意思。和俚语不同,Idiom是被所有人都理解,而不是方言。所以我们要先重点学Idioms.

示例

rain cats and dogs – rain very heavily

It’s raining cats and dogs tonight.

pick a language up – learn a language by living in a country

Kevin picked up a little Italian when he lived in Rome.

break a leg – do well at a performance or presentation

Break a leg on your presentation John.

学习建议:持续关注乐知小站,小站会定期推出成语汇总学习贴。

四、PROVERB谚语)

解释

上面所说的俚语,行话,习语是指短语或词语,而谚语或格言通常意义上仅仅指完整的句子。

示例

The early bird gets the worm. – start working early and you will be successful

I get up at five and do two hours of work before I go to the office. The early bird gets the worm!

When in Rome, do as the Romans. – when you are in a foreign culture, you should act like the people in that culture

I’m wearing shorts to work here in Bermuda! When in Rome, do as the Romans.

You can’t always get what you want. – This proverb means what is says, you can’t always get what you want. The Rolling Stones knew how to put that to music!

Stop complaining. You can’t always get what you want. Learn to live with that truth!

学习建议:阅读中关注。百度搜索英语谚语

五. 补充知识

  • 动词词组

什么时动词词组? 上下班打卡怎么说?(Clock in, Clock out). 如果这样的日常动作都无法描述,英语口语怎么可能流利? 英语语言,尤其口语中使用了大量动词词组。听美剧听不懂,很大一部分原因是不熟悉动词词组。已过四六级的同学必须重视。

学习建议:了解动词词组概念 《英语语法之动词词组篇》,《英语语法之动词词组续篇》

正式学习乐知《活用动词词组》课程,建议自学课件,不用消耗课时。

  • 词汇搭配

“desperately sad”,近乎绝望的悲伤。”open communication”,开诚布公的沟通。阅读英文时,你会发现大量看得懂,看起来很舒服,但你从来不会组合在一起使用的单词组合。所有英语学习专家都推荐,我们需要学习”Chunk of English”-块状的英语,而不是单个单词,然而几乎所有中国学生就只会背单词,特别是生僻词。

学习建议:乐知小站分类阅读频道不断更新乐知原创文章,提倡“轻阅读”方式.在一篇有趣的中文文章中,介绍上下文相关的词汇搭配,词组,习语

建议试听乐知优雅词汇搭配课程

推荐继续阅读《不走弯路,从容不迫学习英语词汇》,建立口语学习词汇的框架。

 

阅读+开口说才能学好英语,马上去演练!

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