英语中身体部位的常用表达方式

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本文将介绍一些英文中常用的有关身体部位的表达方式。

ARMS AND HANDS 手部

  • elbow 手肘- Don’t jab your elbow into me. It hurts! 别拿你的手肘戳我,很痛的!
  • finger 手指- He pointed his finger at her and shouted “I love you!” 他指向她,大喊了一声“我爱你!”
  • index /middle/ring/littlefinger  食指/中指/无名指/小指- Many people wear their marriage band on their ring finger. 许多人把婚戒戴在无名指上。
  • finger nail指甲 – How long is the finger nail? 这个指甲有多长?
  • fist拳,拳头 – I struck him with my fist.  我用拳头揍了他。
  • forearm前臂 – You should put some sunscreen on your exposed forearm. 你应该给你露在外面的前臂涂点防晒霜。
  • left/righthand 左手/右手 – I write with my right hand. 我用右手写字。
  • palm手掌 – A bird settled on his palm.  一只鸟停落在他的手掌上。
  • thumb 拇指- The thumb can be opposed to any of the fingers.  大拇指能与任何一个手指相对。
  • wrist手腕- That’s a beautiful bracelet on your wrist. 你手腕上的手镯很漂亮。

THE BODY – HEADS AND SHOULDERS 头部和肩部

  • chin下巴- Orange juice dribbled down his chin.  橙子汁沿着他的下巴往下滴。
  • cheek 面颊- He pecked her on the cheek.  他轻轻地吻了一下她的面颊。
  • ear 耳朵- You need to clean out your ears! You can’t hear anything. 你需要清理一下你的耳朵! 你什么也听不到!
  • eye 眼睛- Does she have blue eyes or green? 她的眼睛是蓝色的还是绿色的?
  • eyebrow眉毛- Jennifer spends a lot of time making her eyebrows stand out. 珍妮弗花了大把时间把眉毛画得立体。
  • eyelash睫毛- She has very thick eyelashes. 她的睫毛很浓密。
  • forehead额头- Look at that forehead. He must be a genius. 看看他这额头。 他一定是个天才。
  • hair头发- Susan has light brown hair and blue eyes. 苏珊有一头浅棕色的头发和蓝色的眼睛。
  • head头- His head is rather large, isn’t it? 他的头特别大,不是吗?
  • lip嘴唇- Her lips are like soft pillows. 她的嘴唇像枕头一样柔软。
  • mouth嘴巴- He’s got a big mouth! 他有个大嘴巴!
  • neck颈部,脖子- I love her long neck. 我爱她的纤长的脖子。
  • nose鼻子- She’s got a beautiful petite nose. 她有个漂亮小巧的鼻子。
  • nostril鼻孔- The Indian princess wore a diamond in her right nostril. 印第安公主在右鼻孔中戴了一颗钻石。
  • jaw下巴,下颌- You chew your food with your jaw. 你用下颌咀嚼食物。
  • shoulder肩膀- Dennis had broad shoulders. 丹尼斯有宽阔的肩膀。
  • tooth (teeth)牙齿- I have a loose tooth.  我的一颗牙齿松动了。
  • tongue舌头- He protruded his tongue.  他伸出了舌头。
  • throat喉咙- This medicine will quell your sore throat.  这种药可减轻你的喉痛。

LEGS AND FEET 腿部

  • ankle脚踝- Your ankle connects your foot to your leg. 脚踝连接脚和腿。
  • calf小腿- Her calf muscles are very strong . 她的小腿肌肉非常强壮。
  • foot (feet)脚- Put your shoes on your feet and let’s go. 穿上鞋子,出发啦。
  • heel后脚跟- His heel is raw because his shoe does not fit well. 因鞋子不合适,他的脚后跟擦破皮了。
  • hips臀部- I think I’ve put some weight onto my hips. 我想我的臀部长胖了。
  • knee膝盖- My book slid off my knee.  书从我的膝盖上滑落了。
  • leg腿- Put on your pants one leg at a time. 穿裤子的时候,一条腿一条腿的穿。
  • shin胫骨- Be sure to protect your shins when you play soccer. 踢足球的时候,一定要保护好你的胫骨。
  • thigh大腿- His thighs are huge! 他的大腿特别粗。
  • toe脚趾- Each foot has five toes. 每只脚有五个脚趾头。
  • toenail脚趾甲- She likes to paint her toenails pink. 她喜欢把脚趾甲涂成粉色。

 

THE TRUNK OR TORSO 躯体部分

  • bottom臀部- Your bottom is used for sitting. 你的臀部是用来坐的。
  • chest胸腔- He has a broad chest because he swims a lot. 因为他常游泳,所以他的胸膛很宽广。
  • back背部- Are you experiencing any pain in the back? 你背痛吗?
  • stomach胃,腹部- I’m eating too much and my stomach is growing! 我吃的太多了,肚子都变大了。
  • waist腰部- She has a slim waist and will fit into anything! 她的腰很细,什么衣服都穿得下。

 

ALL PARTS OF THE BODY 其他部分

  • blood血液- The hospital needs more blood. 医院需要更多的血液。
  • bone骨头- Our skeleton is made of bone.  我们的骨架由骨头构成。
  • hair头发- It’s amazing how much hair is on the floor after a haircut. 剪完头发后,地板上头发的数量太惊人了。
  • muscle肌肉- You should always stretch your muscles before you go running. 你应该先拉伸肌肉再跑步。
  • skin皮肤- He had brown skin. 他的皮肤是棕色的

 

THE BODY – VERBS 和身体部位有关的动词

  • blinkeyes 眨眼睛-Why do you blink?  为什么人会眨眼睛?
  • glance   eyes一瞥-I gave her a glance.  我看了她一眼。
  • stare    eyes凝视-They all stared with astonishment. 他们全都惊讶地瞪着眼。
  • wink   eye眨眼,使眼色-The strong wind made me wink.  大风吹得我直眨眼。
  • point    finger指-Don’t point at me. 别拿手指着我。
  • scratch   finger擦伤,抓痕-The dog is scratching at the door. 狗正在抓门。
  • kick    foot踢-The football fans hissed when he didn’t kick the ball.  当他踢空了一脚球时,球迷们发出了一阵嘘嘘声。
  • clap    hands拍手,鼓掌-Let everyone clap hands like me.  让每一个人像我一样拍手。
  • punch    hands用拳头猛击-He blacked her eye with that one punch.  他用那一猛拳把她的眼眶打得发青。
  • shake    hands握手-And they do not expect just to shake hands with him.  这些领导人期望的不仅仅是和他握握手。
  • slap    hands击掌,拍击-She fetched him a terrific slap in the face.  她狠狠地打了他一记耳光。
  • smack   hands掴-If you smack someone in the face, what would they do?  如果你掴了某人一巴掌,他们会怎么办?
  • nod   head点头-She noticed him merely with a nod.  她仅以点头向他打招呼。
  • kiss   lips亲,亲吻-She planted a kiss on his cheek.  她在他的脸颊上使劲地吻了一下。
  • whistle   lips/mouth吹口哨-The dog came to his whistle.  狗听到他的哨声就来了。
  • eat    mouth吃-Do you have something to eat?  你有什么可吃的东西吗?
  • talk    mouth说,谈话-What should I talk to her?  我该对她说什么呢?
  • taste    mouth尝-Can you taste pepper in the pudding?  你能吃出布丁里胡椒的味道吗?
  • whisper    mouth耳语,低声说-She said it in a whisper, so I didn’t hear. 她是悄声说的,所以我没有听见。
  • breathe    mouth/nose呼吸-The patient began to breathe normally.  病人开始正常呼吸了。
  • smell    nose闻-I could smell that the milk was not fresh. 我闻得出牛奶不新鲜。
  • sniff    nose嗅-The dog was sniffing at the lamppost. 那条狗在街灯柱旁嗅来嗅去。
  • shrug    shoulders耸肩-I shrug my shoulders when people tell me that their first impressions of a person are always right.  每当有人跟我说他对一个人的首次印象向来不错的时候,我就耸耸肩。
  • bite    mouth咬-Their dog bit a hole in my trousers. 他们的狗把我的裤子咬了个窟窿。
  • lick    tongue舔-The kitty licked up the milk. 小猫舔光了牛奶。
  • swallow    throat吞下,咽下-He took the medicine at one swallow.  他一口把药吞了下去。



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