本文将介绍一些英文中常见的缩写形式。

TITLES头衔

头衔的缩写简称是英语中最常见的缩写之一。 这类缩写由一个单词的前几个字母或单词中的重要字母组成。

  • Mr. – Mister 先生 -> She maided for Mr.Killin.  她当基林先生的女仆。
  • Mrs. – Mistress 夫人,太太  -> Mrs Howe soon found herself being investigated by the police, but thankfully they decided to drop the matter. 不久,豪女士就发现警察正在调查她。但是谢天谢地,他们决定不管这件事了。
  • Ms.- Miss 女士,小姐 -> “I learned things about her I might not have learned, ” says Ms. Duvall.  「我知道了以前可能不知道的关于她的事情。」 杜法儿女士说。
  • Dr. – Doctor 医生,博士 -> Dr. Lee said I squinted.  李医生说我患了斜视。
  • Jr. – Junior 二世,小 -> I still keep a picture of Jr. Walker and me doing a riff together.  我现在仍然留着和小沃克一起即兴演奏爵士乐的一张照片。
  • Sr. – Senior老,大 -> The first stage — argumentative young boy — ‘started about the time he was 11, ‘ Mr. Gates Sr. says in one of a series of interviews.  在系列采访中的某一次,老盖茨说,盖茨成长的第一阶段──爱争论的小男孩──大约是从11岁的时候开始的。
  • Capt. – Captain 陆军上尉,海军上校,船长 -> Would a real-life Capt. Kirk eat an infinite amount of radiation every time someone engaged the warp drive?  能不能有一个真正的柯克舰长每时每刻吃掉无限多的辐射能来驱动翘曲引擎?
  • Comdr. – Commander 指挥官 -> Before he placed on top of the bar with him and his comrades-in-arms – Bosnian Serb wartime Comdr.  Ratko Mladic – the portrait. 而他面前的酒柜上方就摆放着他和他的战友——波黑塞族战时总司令姆拉迪奇——的肖像。
  • Col. – Colonel 上校  -> Col Gaddafi was one of the main founders of the AU and its key financial backer. 而卡扎菲上校就是非洲联盟的主要创建者和资助者之一。
  • Gen. – General  将军 -> Gen. John D. Stevenson listened, but did not believe her. “Madam, ” he said, “Bedell’s death was reported to us. ” 约翰.D。史蒂文森将军听了她的讲述,并不相信。他说:“夫人我们已经接到了比德尔的阵亡报告。”
  • Hon. – the Honorable 阁下 (参议院) -> But Ernie Hon, a strategist at ICEA Securities, said he expects bullish sentiment in the U. S. will continue to support the local market. 但厄尼议员,一个在工商东亚证券分析师说,他预计看涨人气在美国将继续支持本地市场。
  • Lt. – Lieutenant 中将,中尉 -> Lt. Clay Hammer reminded the captain that they should be careful.  中尉科雷-哈姆提醒上尉,他们应该要小心一点。
  • Rev. – the Reverend 牧师,神父 -> Rev. Pat Robertson referred to me as Slick Willie and said I had a radical plan to destroy the American family. 帕特.罗伯逊牧师称我为“狡猾的威利(一个抢劫银行的惯犯)”,说我有一个毁掉美国家庭的激进计划。

其他常见的缩略形式有:

MONTHS OF THE YEAR 月份

  • Jan. – January 一月
  • Feb. – February 二月
  • Mar. – March 三月
  • Apr. – April 四月
  • Aug. – August 八月
  • Sept. – September 九月
  • Oct. – October 十月
  • Nov. – November 十一月
  • Dec. – December 十二月

 

DAYS OF THE WEEK 星期

  • Mon. – Monday 周一
  • Tues. – Tuesday 周二
  • Wed. – Wednesday 周三
  • Thurs. – Thursday 周四
  • Fri. – Friday 周五
  • Sat. – Saturday 周六
  • Sun. – Sunday 周日

 

WEIGHT AND VOLUME 重量和体积单位

  • gal. – gallon 加仑 -> The only known elevated steel tank designed to resist earthquake forces was a 75, 000-gal structure near the Long Beach waterfront. 唯一经过抗震设计的容量为75000加仑的架上钢水槽,位于长滩海岸附近。
  • lb – pound 磅 -> A clown weights 60 lb more than a trapeze artist. The trapeze artist weighs two thirds as much as the clown. How much does each weigh? 一个小丑比一个荡秋千演员重60磅。荡秋千演员的体重是小丑的三分之二。两人各自的体重是多少?
  • oz – ounce 盎司 -> Take this product with at least 8 oz (a full glass) of liquid (swallow 1 capsule at a time) up to 3 times daily. 每日最多可服用三次,使用同时需饮一杯8盎司以上满杯的水或饮料,每次吞服一颗胶囊。
  • pt – pint 品脱 -> Great, now that your back make sure you celebrate your effort. Pat your self on the back; grab 3 pt of ice cream.  好极了,既然你的背影确信你的努力值得庆祝,那就自己拍拍后背,或者拿三品脱的冰淇淋吃。
  • qt – quart 夸脱 -> Arrange the peppers, cut-side up, in a 2 qt shallow baking dish. Spoon the beef mixture over the peppers. Cover the baking dish. 放好辣椒,在2夸脱浅考盘里,切碎。用勺子把牛肉混合物夹在辣椒里,放在烤盘里。
  • wt. – weight 重量 -> Product aromatics are typically increased by no more than 25 wt. % relative to the combined feeds and may be lower than the feed. 相对于混合进料,通常产物芳烃增加不多于25%(重量),并且可以低于进料。
  • vol. – volume 体积,容积 -> ‘How much is the generator with one kilo-watt vol. -? ‘ ‘一千瓦发电机多少钱一台?’

 

TIME 时间单位

  • hr – hour 小时
  • min – minute 分钟
  • sec – second 秒

 

LENGTH 长度单位

  • in. – inch 英寸
  • ft – foot 英尺
  • mi – mile 英里
  • yd – yard 码

 

MEASURES IN METRICS 计量单位

  • kg – kilogram 公斤,千克
  • km – kilometer 公里,千里
  • m – meter 米
  • mg – milligram 毫克
  • mm – millimeter 毫米

 

INITIAL LETTER ABBREVIATIONS 首字母缩写

DIRECTIONS 方向

  • N – North 北
  • S – South 南
  • E – East 东
  • W – West 西
  • NE – Northeast 东北
  • NW – Northwest 西北
  • SE – Southeast 东南
  • SW – Southwest 西南

 

IMPORTANT INSTITUTIONS 重要机构

  • BBC – British Broadcasting Corporation 英国广播公司
  • EU – European Union 欧洲联盟,欧盟
  • IRS – Internal Revenue Service 美国国家税务局
  • NASA – National Aeronautics and Space Administration 美国国家航空航天局
  • NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization 北大西洋公约组织
  • UNICEF – United Nations Children’s Fund 联合国儿童基金会
  • WHO – World Health Organization 世界卫生组织

 

TYPES OF MEASUREMENT 测量

  • MPH – Miles per hour 英里每小时 -> Slowing to 25 MPH , he strained to see the highway in front of him. 降到25英里每小时,他勉强的看着前方的高速公路。
  • RPM – Revolutions per minute 每分钟转数 -> Do not exceed the speed in revolutions per minute (RPM) rating of any grinding wheel or disk. 不可超过任何砂轮片或转盘的每分钟转数(RPM)额定值。
  • Btu – British thermal units 英国热量单位 -> That land receives more than 4, 500 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) of solar energy a year. 这片土地一年接受了超过了450千万亿BTU的太阳能。
  • F – Fahrenheit 华氏度 -> Climate experts predict that, on our current course, the planet could be around 10 °F warmer by the end of this century. 气候专家预测,按照目前的做法,到本世纪末,地球的温度有可能比现在高出华氏10度。
  • C – Celsius 摄氏度 -> With the garden, the temperature of the roof area was reduced by at least 30°C. 随着花园,屋顶的面积减少了温度在摄氏三十度以上。

 

SMS, TEXTING, CHAT 短信聊天常用缩写

  • B4N – Bye for now 再见
  • ASAP – As soon as possible 尽快
  • NP – No problem 没问题
  • TIC – Tongue in cheek 开玩笑



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