怎样用英语描述家庭生活?

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FAMILIES 家庭类

aunt (阿姨)- My aunt tells me funny stories about my mother’s youth.我阿姨告诉我有关我妈小时候的趣事。
brother (兄弟)- My brother is very competitive. 我哥哥很有竞争力。
cousin (表兄弟)- My cousin left for college last year. 我表哥去年去上大学了。
Daughter(女儿) – She has one daughter and one son. 她有一儿一女。
father (父亲)- My father spent a lot of time on the road for work.我爸在上班路上花了很多时间。

grandchild (孙子)- That 90 year old woman has twenty grandchildren!那位90岁的女性有20个孙子!
granddaughter / son (孙女/孙子)- His granddaughter gave him a birthday card with a bunny.他的孙女给了他一张带兔子的生日贺卡。
grandfather / mother (爷爷/奶奶)- Do you remember your grandmothers and grandfathers?你还记得你的祖母祖父们吗?
great-grandchild (曾孙)- She has four great-grandchildren .她有四个曾孙。

husband (丈夫)- She sometimes argues with her husband, but that’s normal in every marriage. 她有时候和她丈夫吵架,但吵架这种事在每段婚姻中都是正常的。
ex-husband (前夫)- She had to divorce her ex-husband because he cheated on her. 因为她前夫出轨了,所以她不得不和她前夫离婚。
son-in-law, etc. (继子,等)- Her daughter-in-law told her to mind her own business.她继女告诉她别多管闲事。

mother (母亲)- Mother knows best, or at least that’s my mother always said.妈妈知道什么是最好的,至少我妈总是这么说。
niece (侄女)- His niece works in a shop in Seattle selling eye-wear. 他侄女在西雅图的一家商店里卖眼镜。
nephew (侄子)- I have a nephew who lives in town. 我有个住在城里的侄子。
parents (父母)- All of us have two biological parents.Many grown up with adopted parents.我们所有人都有两个生父生母,但我们大部分都随养父母长大。
sister (姐妹)- His sister drove him crazy with her constant complaining about the parents.他姐姐不停地抱怨父母,这一点把他逼疯了。
son (儿子)- Many people say that sons are harder to raise than daughters because they cause more trouble. 许多人说,儿子比女儿难养,因为儿子惹的祸更多。

step-father (继父)- She gets along with her step-father, but she prefers to not call him ‘Dad’.她和她继父相处得很好,但她还是不愿意叫他“爸爸”。
step-daughter, etc. (继女,等)- If you marry him, you’ll have two step-daughters and one step-son. 你要是嫁给他,你就会有两个继女和一个继子。
Twin(双胞胎) – It’s amazing how similar some twins are. They look, act, and talk alike.有些双胞胎的相似程度实在是太惊人了。他们的长相、行为和说话方式都一样。
uncle (叔叔)- My uncle lives in Texas. He’s nothing like my father. 我叔叔住在德州,他跟我父亲一点也不像。
widow (woman) (寡妇)- She became a widow twenty years ago and never remarried.她二十年前成了寡妇,并且从未再婚。
widower (man) (鳏夫)- The widower is very sad because he’s all alone now.鳏夫总是非常悲伤,因为他现在形单影只。
wife (妻子)- My wife is the most amazing woman in the world . 我妻子是世界上最棒的女人。
ex-wife (前妻)- His ex-wife took all his money. 他前妻把他所有的钱都拿走了。

MARITAL RELATIONSHIPS 婚姻关系

divorced (离婚的)- Jennifer is divorced, but she’s happy to be single again. 珍妮弗离婚了,但她很高兴再次单身。
engaged (订婚的)- Helen is engaged to be married next June. 海伦订婚了,六月就结婚。
married (已婚的)- I’ve been married for over twenty-five years. I consider myself lucky. 我已经结婚25年了。我觉得我是个幸运的人。
separated (分居的)- In many countries, couples must be separated for more than a year in order to divorce. 在很多国家,夫妻必须分居一年以上才能离婚。
single (单身的)- He’s a single man living in New York. Need I say more?!他是个住在纽约的单身汉。还需要我多说吗?
widowed (丧偶的)- Hank became widowed last year. He hasn’t been the same since.汉克去年丧偶。 他跟之前再也不一样了。

BECOMING FAMILY 组成家庭

get divorced (from) (离婚)- My husband and I got divorced three years ago. Now, we’re best friends, but we know marriage was a mistake. 我丈夫和我三年前离婚了。现在,我们是最好的朋友,但是我们都知道我们之前的婚姻是个错误。
get engaged (to) (订婚)- I got engaged to my wife after just two months of dating.我和我妻子约会两个月之后订婚了。
get married (to) (结婚)- We’re planning on getting married in May. 我们计划五月结婚。
get on (well) with someone (和某人相处)- My wife gets on well with my best friend. That makes me happy!我妻子和我的好友相处得很好。这使我很开心!
marry someone (和某人结婚)- She married Tom fifty years ago today. 她和Tom在五十年前的今天结婚了。
start / end a relationship with someone (和某人展开/结束一段关系)- I think we should end our relationship. We’re not happy with each other. 我觉得我们应该分手。我们相处得并不愉快。

OTHER RELATED WORDS 相关词汇

acquaintance (熟人)- I have many acquaintances from all over the world. 我有很多熟人,他们来自世界各地。
Boss(老板) – My boss is a nice guy.我老板是个好人。
colleague (同事)- I have great colleagues at work.我有很棒的同事。
employee (雇员)- All employees should keep their mouths shut and work hard. 所有员工应该闭上嘴巴,努力工作。
employer (雇主)- In today’s work environment, employers are unfair to their employees. 在如今的工作环境,雇主对员工并不公平。
fiancée (未婚夫)- My fiancée works as a physical fitness instructor. 我未婚夫是健身教练。
friend (朋友)- Friends are just as important as family.朋友就和家人一样重要。
best friend (至交)- My best friend plays the violin and is a successful entrepreneur.我最好的朋友会拉小提琴,同时他也是个成功的企业家。
neighbor (邻居)- It’s important to keep up a friendly relationship with your neighbor if possible. 如果可能的话,与邻居保持友好关系很重要。
partner (伙伴)- Many of those who choose not to get married live with their partners for years. 很多选择不结婚的人和他们的小伙伴们一起生活多年。

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